At the beginning of this project, we made a 1/1000 Meke Maar model with the whole studio and for the final jury, we were also asked to make the model of our structures in 1/1000 to place it on the bigger one.
In the final product, I have tried to make a platform that welcomes visitors like a starting point or the first destination of the site; and also a place to rest where people can dwell for a certain time. I used the existing path while approaching to the site. In the structure, there are different levels with high visual accesibility and the middle part works as a courtyard. The highest level that a person can reach on the platform is 11 meters from the ground. To make a reference to Taşkale; there were cave like structures and carving conditions. But in contrast with that, I used a pier structure towards natural void of the site and the height is for the aim of creating a pier experience within a nonstop continuity.
After the jury; the jury members said that the drawings were more detailed than the model and the design idea could be developed more.
These are the photos taken by me from our site visit to Meke Maar, Taşkale and Çatalhöyük.
As a preparetion to site visit, we had a lecture about Çatalhöyük, prelected by Prof. Dr. Suna Güven from the architecture department of METU.
First of all, she started with the meanings of “çatal” and “höyük”. The word çatal is referring to two different locations where Çatalhöyük people used to live around 9000 years ago at the Neolithic age and höyük means a human made hill.
To understand the life style and values of Çatalhöyük people, she had also talked about the houses as archives of memory and they contained different types of memories of those people. According to the discoveries of excavation studies; they had distant memory (consists of mythology & religion), habitual memory (took place at kitchen, work and burial spaces) about how they patterned natural activities and lastly the memory of living with the ancestors (they used to bury their family members inside of the house).
In the houses, they used clay and timber (probably carried with the help of Çarşamba Çayı to Çatalhöyük region). In those times there was also obsidian trade from Hasan Dağı and Karacadağ to Çatalhöyük. On each Çatalhöyük house there are distinct traces of hundreds of white plaster layers (which ensure light and fresh air) and each house had built on top of the old ones with their individually built walls. Inside of the houses, they defined a hierarchy between different spaces. They used level differences on their houses; at the highest level they buried their ancestors, at the lowest level they defined their working spaces. At the whole Çatalhöyük region, there was no trace of a special religious place or a cemetery. But instead of monumental religious and after life expressions, they had their own religious and burial spaces in every house of Çatalhöyük. As another interesting thing, they used the rooftops as a collective open courtyard or a piazza. So there was a strong relation between individual doors and streets. According to a contemporary local person of that area, they used a kind of trash bin in their houses for the toilet and they discharged that bin every morning to the empty garbage areas inside of the site.
To make an inference from the architectural use of the site, Çatalhöyük people created an egalitarian society as a very nice result of sharing the same ground. They weren’t under pressure of a superior person or an administrative community from the very basic groups like familes to the whole society. In other words, they have lived together for approximately 1400 years without an authority. And they have left us a huge cultural inheritance to consider the sense of community with the architectural redefinitions.